About Domain Names
Domain names make it easier to remember and to find their way around the Internet. Every computer on the Internet has a unique address - just like a telephone number - which is a rather complicated string of numbers. It is called its "IP address" (IP stands for "Internet Protocol").
It is difficult to remember everyone's IP address. Hence, the use of familiar string of letters (the "domain name") in place of the IP address. Instead of typing 22.214.171.124, you can type www.geromail.com.
Reserving domain name
With the introduction of domain names, now the issue is who owns which domain name.
You cannot simply make www.microsoft.com as your domain name of choice. You may register your domain name, if available, with registrars that governs the use of domain names.
Once registered, the owner reserves the full intellectual property rights to the use of that domain name.
Types of Domains
Top Level Domains
The .com, .info, .name, .net, and .org are top level domains (TLDs) that are available for registration by Internet users across the globe.
|.museum||Museums and related persons|
|.net||Organizations involved in Internet infrastructure activities|
|.name||Dedicated exclusively to individuals' personal names|
Full details of the registrars are available at:
Country Code Top Level Domains
Two letter domains, such as .uk, .de, .jp, .sg. etc. are called country code top level domains (ccTLDs) and correspond to a country, territory, or other geographic location. The rules and policies for registering domain names in the ccTLDs vary significantly and some are reserved for use by citizens of the corresponding country.
Register for a ccTLD if you business targets at local audience with little opportunity for oversea customers.
Multilingual .cc domain
Multilingual domain is ONLY available to .cc which has been recognized as First working multilingual domain in the world with no extra software download needed. You may register a domain in your preferred language, be it Chinese, Korea, Japanese, Latin and Hebrew.
When you register a multilingual .cc domain name, the domain name is automatically registered in both Big5 and GB encoding.
What is ICANN?
ICANN is a non-profit corporation that is assuming responsibility from the U.S. Government for coordinating certain Internet technical functions, including the management of Internet domain name system.
What is Name Server?
Every registered domain name requires at least 2 entries of Name Servers. These are servers within your hosting companies or ISP that keep records of your domain names and IP numbers. These servers will in term communicate with other higher level servers to establish the resoltuion of the domain names and IP addresses.
Domain Name Availability
Before registering for a domain name, you need to check that the desired domain name is still available. Almost all the 'good' domain names for .com have been taken up. For country level domain name, most are still available.
Search domain names for availability now.
How to register a domain name
Domain names ending with .aero, .biz, .com, .coop, .info, .museum, .name, .net, .org, or .pro can be registered through many different companies (known as "registrars") and resellers that compete with one another.
Domain names ending with two letter domains, such as .uk, .de, .jp, .sg. etc. are country specific. Designated list of registrars are available at http://www.iana.org/cctld/cctld-whois.htm.
Registration requires various contact and technical information. The registrar will then keep records of the contact information and submit the technical information to a central directory known as the "registry." This registry provides other computers on the Internet the information necessary to send you e-mail or to find your web site.
Geromail.com offers free registration and transfer of domain names with value-added services of handling the technical issues of registration.
Will my name and contact information be publicly available?
Information about who is responsible for domain names is publicly available to allow rapid resolution of technical problems and to permit enforcement of consumer protection, trademark, and other laws. The registrar will make this information available to the public on a "Whois" site.
You may register a domain in the name of a third party, as long as they agree to accept responsibility.
Validity Period of Registration
Registration and renewal is offerred in one-year increments, with a total registration period limit of ten years.
Cost of Registration
Each registrar sets the price it charges for registering names, and prices vary significantly among different registrars. In addition, some registrars offer discounted or free registration services in connection with other offerings, such as web hosting.
Change of Registrars
You may change the registrar sponsoring your domain name (60 days after initial registration). For details on the transfer process, contact the registrar you would like to assume sponsorship of the registration.
Resellers of Registrars
Some of these accredited registrars offer their services through resellers, which may provide value-added assistance in completing the registration process. Your registration contract, however, will be with the accredited registrar and that registrar will maintain your contact information.